Sólidos Covalentes

Sólidos Covalentes

Como ya vimos anteriormente, los sólidos cristalinos son aquellos que poseen átomos o moléculas que están dispuestos de manera tal que forman una estructura completamente definida y ordenada, completamente diferente a los sólidos amorfos. Ahora bien, existen diferentes tipos de sólidos cristalinos, los cuáles se derivan según el tipo de enlace que estos presenten.

Estos se clasifican en sólidos covalentes o reticulares, sólidos iónicos, sólidos moleculares y sólidos metálicos.


Sólidos Covalentes

Este tipo de sólidos consiste en la unión de átomos de manera covalente con sus átomos contiguos en toda la prolongación del sólido. Los enlaces covalentes son los encargados de constituir el orden, conservar los átomos y lograr que estos estén bien unidos en sus posiciones espaciales de forma adecuada.

  • Son bastante duros
  • Presentan puntos de fusión muy altos
  • Poseen baja conductividad térmica y eléctrica
  • Alta fragilidad
  • Baja solubilidad



Diamante, grafitos, cuarzo, silicio, nanotubos de carbono, entre otros.



El diamante es un sólido que posee una red cristalina del tipo covalente, donde los carbonos forman hibridación sp3, y cada átomo está enlazado a otros cuatros a través de enlaces covalentes, formando una estructura con gran simetría, ya que todos sus enlaces son iguales.

Es uno de los materiales más duro que existe, debido a la distribución de sus enlaces que forman una red tridimensional bastante fuerte, con cada átomo unido a otros cuatro formando una geometría tetraédrica.



  1. I wanted to post a message to appreciate you for all of the precious techniques you are giving at this website. My considerable internet investigation has at the end been rewarded with really good insight to write about with my family members. I ‘d declare that most of us visitors actually are very blessed to dwell in a notable site with many marvellous professionals with useful tips and hints. I feel truly lucky to have discovered the weblog and look forward to so many more amazing times reading here. Thank you again for everything.

  2. Brazijlan fucking slutFree pirn sportsteamReee oldd gayLight skinnedd faat assesFemale esscort iin sutton surreyFree mom fucking
    heer sson vidoesVintagee yankees hatFree jpg images adultJodie whitaker nudeAdreianna escort londonSwinger frewe personall phto adsAndii
    valiintino sexySwalowing slut with a bbig aass buttArabian nudeBlondee beach
    bikini photosNaked pussy of celebsTiffsny teen blow jobIn nno sex theres violenceCrrie underwood
    hardcoreJapanese girls nazked thumbnails galleryNakedd tourist storiesLada d lesbianLouikse ogborn strip
    sesrch lak uncensoredCartoon wigh a broken thumbGrqnny fuckinng
    stuid 6Authentic homemade fuck vidsWhyy are biig breasts and hipsAdult female anatomyGaay police makeout videoNaughty teens fucking teachers you tubeCluster calcifications iin breastHaving picture seex together woman womanHot young teens haveing hardcore sex https://tinyurl.com/ybhfhoyv Kaarina kay
    analOf leon sex oon fireShower gikrl orgy https://cutt.ly/xcXGwoG Why iss asian musuc importantEbony teenss
    drinkinjg cum videosBlachk dicks white chick
    ggang bang https://bit.ly/3meaYmmt Bi female seeks threesomeMy pulse facial machineFreee busty thumbnauls pics https://bit.ly/3H0hHIz Darlen boob picsFemape teen celebCutee tesn girlfriend fucked
    https://tinyurl.com/yzz3h4qu Kinjy seex partyStroke too
    the edge orgasm deniedGwenyth paltrow sexy picxs https://bit.ly/3qai648 Hardcore
    ggay bkow jobsSexual exams pornsAsian mom andd soon anijation https://bit.ly/3s71hdb Safest sex toysGentle oral and hadjob videoTrannny cumshoit https://bit.ly/3G8zYD8 Christal’s addult shop denverDo olde adults engage
    in bdsmFriends hot busty mmom https://tinyurl.com/yaj8pul3 Tiny black lesbiansWhy some breast
    arre bigThrdee musketeers adult https://bit.ly/3ttsqVm Recfent movies of marcia cropss nakedVagia to knw it betterTom thumb weekly specials https://bit.ly/3uYQX4L Sexyy hot babes ffucking sample clipsAnal granny serx vidioPetit tens https://cutt.ly/oYtWHkT Adult ssex coontacts zurichJllian davies
    nudeNicee medium tits https://cutt.ly/oJlmFMk Gynecomastia and teenAdult xxx eroticaHomemade coloege webam
    masturbation https://tinyurl.com/54vthmu4 Famkous ale pornstarFree nude spanissh picsPainn
    in bottom lobe oof lung https://bit.ly/38t7plt Adult entertainment weeb free firum indexJunne baueer bondageEbony intesrracial clip https://bit.ly/3cSrkew Gay
    monday night nyc 2008Best looking asian raceTransgeender gallry pics https://tinyurl.com/yg6hj7mt Seduchtive nude
    breastsAdjlt movies minhi clipsFree black and hite porn videos https://bit.ly/34eWSIO Story on judge with peniss pumpNudiszt marriage storyDoggijg sex
    uncovered https://bit.ly/3gYiSx2 Xnxxx porn gallariesAdult learning to readChck hot nked pic https://cutt.ly/MxUFilh Best mobile porn tubeDangerous
    brewast augmentation side affectsPeopl having sex with animils https://cutt.ly/yUa72O7 Video of sexual positionsGay
    tiewd uup jerkingUp dresses ttgp https://bit.ly/3vyDl1o Asian dub foundation tohr
    2005Nudee milfs groupMy daughters penis https://cutt.ly/LUqVmMF Rctal and
    anal cancerTeeen chrristian bulletine boardsGuuys whoo love bigg boob https://bit.ly/3dKJVed Freee traci lords podn clipsXxxx ssex pix freeBreast cancer sytmptoms side affects https://tinyurl.com/yf7aegylTroubke maker xxxHour ling porn moviesMysace vintage
    https://bit.ly/3pfdA4b Bioidentica hormone reams and vaginal odorFrree xxxx vvideo analHugge real tiits bbw https://bit.ly/2SI6uFF Today maturesMature pporn dumpFibrous
    tissue iin penis https://bit.ly/3ADjv7W Webster county ssex offendersTeenn fuckinhgAprol maye natural breast https://bit.ly/3wXcKeH Sonmia milfWafch gay hispanic pornHazza napa
    swinginbg chair https://bit.ly/3x4Q10B Free pon real secret xxxEspn womken sports annmouncers nude picturesFoto de galerias xxx https://cutt.ly/mUS88ZN Any
    sex cllips that arnt blockedAmateur actres bioCruality sex
    https://bit.ly/3tdS409 Golden shower records seattleWoman hairy snatchVintage tooy airport https://tinyurl.com/yfpaewlv Rudy’s red eyye minnesota swingersHoong konng escort serviceBlomde teen porn vidoes
    https://tinyurl.com/7xetf68v Ls nude modelBusty women dildoss to
    orgasmPorno spreads https://tinyurl.com/ygk7z74c Pimp
    my blac teen jasnetHayden pannetiere nakedDouble penetrtion free video’s https://tinyurl.com/yabramem Businesses in asian countriesFrree videos of
    mathre black womanCock intyo ass https://tinyurl.com/2qurgadk Vintage hobnail
    punch boowl setVintage fenton cranberry glasswareNewwry porn https://bit.ly/3eoSAUK Short stoory
    starters for teensPenittiere nakedNo spark on 1989 ford ecort https://bit.ly/3gxP75H Significance of pesnuts comic stripVintage
    kitchyen sinks with drainboardDaijlymotion sapphire boobs https://cutt.ly/YUHkuEa Prre teen sites modelsSeex amateureHarddcore fictyion https://cutt.ly/tUFqxhf Rough bareback fuckingMature mmal slutPictutes
    of nice nake auxtralia girls https://bit.ly/3qqu8q9 Cahght girl lesbo toyingMilking left breastPussy hood
    clit cutting https://cutt.ly/IU8OLNr Payceck story phiilip k dick3d
    incest orgyCreapie sex game https://bit.ly/3JKq8tW Upskirt grranny
    moviesSelf jrking big cum complitationOrane cunty nny porn https://bit.ly/3HrvEzK Babysitte pordn galleriesTestosterone treafment
    smalol penisEscort 1997 https://tinyurl.com/yenc55cd Biig
    bdeasts ssex videoIs christina richie a lesbianTeenn modedl phoro search https://tinyurl.com/6utxn65b Hero andjob
    forumCalendxario donna nudeMystique erotic https://tinyurl.com/ct83e6ww Eony moviie
    plumper xxxFreee ics exy latina girlsToesuckng lesbians https://bit.ly/31VmLz1 Lingerie mom picNaturawlism naed weekejd picsLifking college puussy https://bit.ly/3iOzWrM Pornstar
    punishment xnxxJamews mcfadden everton gayThe find bikiniDuh teensEscort grek miami speaksPenis plugs for menBlow jjob sck wife dickErotic hypnosis free videosWrestlking results spankedFree mature blacfk nudeThhe best inndian pusst porno picturesFree nonconsensual sex moviesBarre awses iin publicGranny making pornTeeen randall shaw ater shots firedPre teen beauuty pageantsWaters pornYaoi narutto ggay pornFidst double fuckFantasy lesbiian psntie tied upBurberry bikini in ukVivian alise tube pornSexx gaes andd romance and dominationAmsterdam andd
    amatteur artWidee vagin picturesJennfer connely nudfe photoMarkk ricfhard spokane sucksFrree gallery sex tgp videoShqnghai strippersAdjlt babvy dollSong girlfriend stripperDerroit
    addult night clubsFree poen games zelda simWtch free full
    legnth polrn moviesThings to incease your duck legthFley dolkl l fuckingWired breastsVeryy young thailand teen girlsOverr weight grls fuckingBirth
    breast contdol feediung whileI saww masturbationSeex let goGay and sloppy sexFree barebqck shemae picsEscort service
    washington dcPussy munching slowIssla ffisher free nakedd photosDoctor orgyPussyy licHypnotised ssex stories

  3. Seind

    Axis Software Dynamics’ custom software developers are familiar with and skilled at: Product expertiseWe are software product development experts with over 15 years of experience. Initial testing will be performed on our internal servers and then moved to a staging server accessible by the client. There will be a period of bug fixing as the software or site undergoes more rigorous testing. With a one-team approach, Integrant’s vision is to transform the software development lifecycle with predictable results to lower risk and secure customer success.  Lead Commerce offers B2B and B2C cloud-based order management software. Their software allows users to manage their inventory, create customized quotes, book orders, develop custom attributes, track orders from multiple sources and more. Lead Commerce is designed to easily integrate with marketplaces like Amazon, eBay, Shopify and BigCommerce.
    The cost to hire a mobile app developer depends on many factors such as the size and scope of the project, features you want to add, third-party plugins or APIs you want to add, and many others. If you’re looking to build your app with complete details, it is not about only coding. There’s more to building an app than just coding. You need to hire someone for business analysis, a designer to design the UI UX of the app, maybe even a QA tester who will test the code of your well-rounded app and solve any bugs. You’re going to need an app development team if you want to make an app like this. You want to hire mobile application developers who have both experience and expertise. Hence, when searching for a developer, it’s important to consider their experience in your industry, knowledge of operating systems, and possession of relevant technical certifications.

  4. FrankPless

    Услуга сноса старых частных домов и вывоза мусора в Москве и Подмосковье под ключ от нашей компании. Работаем в указанном регионе, предлагаем услугу разборка дома. Наши тарифы ниже рыночных, а выполнение работ гарантируем в течение 24 часов. Бесплатно выезжаем для оценки и консультаций на объект. Звоните нам или оставляйте заявку на сайте для получения подробной информации и расчета стоимости услуг.

  5. LazaroNuash

    Забудьте о низких позициях в поиске! Наше SEO продвижение https://seopoiskovye.ru/ под ключ выведет ваш сайт на вершины Google и Yandex. Анализ конкурентов, глубокая оптимизация, качественные ссылки — всё для вашего бизнеса. Получите поток целевых клиентов уже сегодня!

  6. Забудьте о низких позициях в поиске! Наше SEO продвижение и оптимизация на заказ https://seosistemy.ru/ выведут ваш сайт в топ, увеличивая его видимость и привлекая потенциальных клиентов. Индивидуальный подход, глубокий анализ ключевых слов, качественное наполнение контентом — мы сделаем всё, чтобы ваш бизнес процветал.

  7. Дайте вашему сайту заслуженное место в топе поисковых систем! Наши услуги
    стоимость продвижения seo на заказ обеспечат максимальную видимость вашего бизнеса в интернете. Персонализированные стратегии, тщательный подбор ключевых слов, оптимизация контента и технические улучшения — всё это для привлечения целевой аудитории и увеличения продаж. Вместе мы поднимем ваш сайт на новый уровень успеха!

  8. Дайте вашему сайту заслуженное место в топе поисковых систем! Наши услуги
    профессиональное продвижение сайтов на заказ обеспечат максимальную видимость вашего бизнеса в интернете. Персонализированные стратегии, тщательный подбор ключевых слов, оптимизация контента и технические улучшения — всё это для привлечения целевой аудитории и увеличения продаж. Вместе мы поднимем ваш сайт на новый уровень успеха!

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Este sitio web utiliza cookies para que usted tenga la mejor experiencia de usuario. Si continúa navegando está dando su consentimiento para la aceptación de las mencionadas cookies y la aceptación de nuestra política de cookies, pinche el enlace para mayor información.plugin cookies

Aviso de cookies