Sistemas fisicoquímicos

Sistemas fisicoquímicos

La fisicoquímica es una sub-disciplina de la química que se encarga del estudio de la materia utilizando conceptos basados en los aspectos físicos y químicos. Esta se apoya de la termodinámica que se encarga del estudio de todo lo relacionado con la transferencia y transformación de la energía térmica.

Resultado de imagen para termodinamica

 

Todos estos procesos se estudian a través de un sistema fisicoquímico, para así poder someter a la materia a observación, controlando diferentes variables que pueden influir en su comportamiento.

Entonces, un sistema se define como la cantidad de materia o una región en el espacio delimitada para su análisis.

Imagen relacionada

 

Un sistema está conformado por los siguientes elementos:

Medio externo: Es todo aquello que rodea al sistema y le afecta.

Frontera o pared del sistema: Es el medio material que separa el sistema del medio externo.

Componentes: Son los tipos de sustancias involucradas en el sistema. Estas pueden ser sustancias simples o compuestas. El sistema puede estar conformado por uno o más componentes.

Fases: Son porciones homogéneas de un sistema que pueden diferenciarse físicamente y separarse mediante procesos mecánicos.

Los sistemas que poseen una sola fase son llamados sistemas homogéneos. Por su parte, los sistemas de dos o más fases, son llamados sistemas heterogéneos.

Estados: Los componentes de un sistema se pueden presentar en alguno de los tres estados de la materia: sólido, líquido y gaseoso.

 

A continuación se presenta los siguientes sistemas. Señale los componentes, fases y estados de la materia que lo conforman.

  • Sistema Agua-Aceite

Resultado de imagen para agua y aceite

 

 

 

 

 

Componentes: 2 (agua y aceite)

Fases: 2 (fase agua y fase aceite) Sistema heterogéneo

Estados: 1 estado (líquido)

 

  • Sistema Agua – Hielo – Vapor de agua

Resultado de imagen para Agua – Hielo – Vapor de agua

 

 

 

 

Componentes: 1 (agua)

Fases: 3 (fase agua, fase hielo, fase vapor de agua) Sistema heterogéneo

Estado: 3 (sólido, líquido y gaseoso)

 

  • Sistema Agua – Sal

Imagen relacionada

 

 

 

 

Componentes: 2 (agua y sal)

Fases: 1 (sistema homogéneo)

Estado: 2 (líquido y sólido)

Tipos de sistemas

Sistema abierto: Es aquel sistema que permite el intercambio de materia y energía con el ambiente.

Por ejemplo: Un recipiente destapado con alguna sustancia, el cuerpo humano, las células, bacterias, plantas.

Resultado de imagen para una taza de cafe caliente
Una taza de café es un sistema abierto.

 

Sistema cerrado: Este sistema permite el paso de energía pero no de materia.

Por ejemplo: Una olla a presión que no permita escape de gases, un globo inflado, una bombilla.

Imagen relacionada
Intercambia energía con el ambiente, pero no materia

 

Sistema aislado o adiabático: Es aquel sistema que no permite intercambio de energía ni de materia con el ambiente que lo rodea. Este tipo de sistema es considerado ideal, mas no real ya que al transcurrir el tiempo, hay intercambio con el medio externo.

Por ejemplo: Un termo, una persona utilizando un traje de neopreno (se encuentra protegido durante un período de tiempo del intercambio calórico entre el agua y su cuerpo), una caja fuerte.

 

Resultado de imagen para termo bien sellado
Los termos son sistemas ideales, ya que si no los abres no hay intercambio de energía ni materia con el medio exterior.

 

204 Comments

  1. Betsy Geiger

    Hello there!

    Are you tired of endless ads and online threats? We’ve got the perfect solution for you – AdGuard, the foremost adblocker!

    Pick it up here https://bit.ly/ad-guardian

    Why AdGuard?

    AdGuard Ad Blocker – Say goodbye to annoying ads without ads, trackers, phishing, and web annoyances​​.
    AdGuard VPN – Stay anonymous online with our VPN service​​.
    AdGuard DNS – A cloud-based service for privacy and ad blocking with our DNS service​​.
    Comprehensive Protection – Block all kinds of ads and speed up browsing with AdGuard​​.
    Privacy and Security – Safeguard your online journey with AdGuard​​. Plus, shield yourself from phishing and malicious sites​​.
    Family Friendly – Protect children from inappropriate content with AdGuard’s parental control features​​.
    Join the AdGuard community – fast, safe, and ad-free. Click the link below to learn more about our products!

    Explore AdGuard Now!

    Start your journey here https://bit.ly/ad-guardian

    Cheers to a better online experience,

    P.S. Don’t miss out on a seamless online experience!

  2. Даниил

    Здравствуйте! Меня зовут Даниил Романович. Меня заинтересовал Ваш сайт.
    Я готов купить его по выгодной для вас цене. Есть бюджет в несколько миллионов рублей для покупки сайтов.
    Мы можем встретиться и провести сделку по продаже вашего сайта лично или онлайн через гаранта Telderi.ru или другим удобным способом,
    безопасность сделки является моим приоритетом.

    Для того чтобы я смог оценить сайт, прошу вас предварительно открыть его Яндекс Метрику на мою почту Daniil89217894501@yandex.ru 

    Также я готов рассмотреть и другие ваши проекты к покупке.

    Коротко обо мне: Я инвестор из Санкт-Петербурга. Представляю интересы группы частных инвесторов.

    С уважением, Даниил.

    Мои контакты для связи:
    8(921)789-45-01 мой мобильный номер или WhatsApp 
    https://t.me/Danya_spb_ru мой Telegram 
    Daniil89217894501@yandex.ru моя эл. почта

  3. This design is wicked! You definitely know how
    to keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos,
    I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how
    you presented it. Too cool!

  4. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism
    or copyright violation? My site has a lot of completely unique
    content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it
    appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement.

    Do you know any methods to help stop content from being ripped off?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

  5. I just like the helpful information you provide on your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check once more
    here regularly. I am reasonably certain I’ll be told
    many new stuff proper here! Best of luck for the following!

  6. You actually make it seem really easy with your presentation however I find this topic to be really something which I think I’d never
    understand. It sort of feels too complicated and very vast for me.
    I am having a look ahead on your next put up, I will try to get the
    grasp of it!

  7. Heya are using WordPress for your blog platform?
    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own.
    Do you require any coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  8. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing problems with your
    site. It appears like some of the written text
    on your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me
    know if this is happening to them as well? This may be a
    problem with my web browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Appreciate it

  9. hey there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up something new from right here.
    I did however expertise some technical points using this website, as I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to
    I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering
    if your web hosting is OK? Not that I am complaining, but
    slow loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and
    could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
    Well I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of
    your respective fascinating content. Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  10. Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this informative article together.
    I once again find myself personally spending a lot
    of time both reading and posting comments. But so
    what, it was still worth it!

  11. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m
    not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share.
    Cheers!

  12. Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some
    overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, very good blog!

  13. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my
    iphone and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just
    so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now destroyed
    and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off
    topic but I had to share it with someone!

  14. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everyone else encountering issues
    with your website. It appears like some of the text in your content are running off
    the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This could be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve
    had this happen previously. Kudos

  15. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you are a great author.I will always bookmark your blog and definitely will come
    back in the foreseeable future. I want to encourage you to
    ultimately continue your great work, have a nice
    morning!

  16. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s hard to get that «perfect balance» between usability and visual appearance.
    I must say you have done a superb job with this.
    Also, the blog loads super quick for me on Safari. Outstanding Blog!

  17. Good day! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured
    I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe
    guest writing a blog article or vice-versa? My site addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an e-mail.
    I look forward to hearing from you! Terrific blog by the way!

  18. Howdy! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know
    how to make your site mobile friendly? My site looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to correct this issue.
    If you have any recommendations, please share. Many thanks!

  19. Great goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just extremely magnificent.
    I really like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you
    are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you
    still take care of to keep it sensible. I can’t wait to read much more from you.

    This is actually a wonderful website.

  20. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening.

    I appreciate you spending some time and energy
    to put this informative article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments.

    But so what, it was still worth it!

  21. Appreciating the hard work you put into your blog and in depth information you provide.
    It’s nice to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same
    out of date rehashed material. Fantastic read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  22. Very good blog you have here but I was curious if you knew of any community forums that cover the
    same topics talked about here? I’d really like to be a part of online
    community where I can get suggestions from other knowledgeable
    people that share the same interest. If you
    have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks a lot!

  23. I am curious to find out what blog system you have been using?

    I’m experiencing some minor security issues with my latest blog and I
    would like to find something more risk-free. Do you
    have any solutions?

  24. Today, I went to the beach front with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my
    4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the
    shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside
    and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  25. It’s appropriate time to make a few plans for the long run and it is time to be happy.
    I have learn this publish and if I may I want to
    recommend you few attention-grabbing issues or tips.
    Maybe you could write next articles relating to this article.
    I wish to read even more issues approximately it!

  26. My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a year and am
    worried about switching to another platform. I have heard
    fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  27. Thanks for every other fantastic article. The place else could anybody get that kind of information in such a perfect method of writing?

    I have a presentation next week, and I’m at the look for such information.

  28. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the long run and
    it’s time to be happy. I have learn this publish and if I may
    just I wish to counsel you few interesting things or tips.
    Maybe you could write subsequent articles relating to this article.
    I want to read more issues about it!

  29. I believe everything posted made a ton of sense. However, think
    on this, suppose you typed a catchier title? I am not
    saying your content isn’t good, but suppose you
    added a post title that makes people desire more? I mean Sistemas
    fisicoquímicos – Química en casa.com is kinda boring.

    You could look at Yahoo’s front page and watch how they create
    news headlines to grab viewers to click. You might add a
    related video or a related pic or two to grab people interested about what you’ve written.
    In my opinion, it could bring your website a little bit more interesting.

  30. Hi, Neat post. There is a problem together with your site in web explorer, could test this?
    IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a big section of other
    folks will pass over your great writing due
    to this problem.

  31. Greate article. Keep writing such kind of info on your blog.
    Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hello there, You have performed a great job. I’ll definitely digg it and
    in my opinion suggest to my friends. I’m sure they will be
    benefited from this website.

  32. Hi! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of
    my good old room mate! He always kept chatting about this.
    I will forward this page to him. Fairly certain he will
    have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  33. Hey There. I found your blog the use of msn. That is an extremely smartly written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to learn more of
    your helpful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  34. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you’re a great author.I will make sure to bookmark your blog and will
    eventually come back from now on. I want to encourage
    continue your great posts, have a nice evening!

  35. I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering issues with your
    site. It seems like some of the written text on your posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This might be a issue with my web browser because
    I’ve had this happen before. Thanks

  36. When I originally commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and
    now each time a comment is added I get three e-mails with
    the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from
    that service? Bless you!

  37. What i don’t realize is in reality how you are no longer actually a lot
    more smartly-liked than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent.
    You recognize thus significantly relating to this matter, made
    me in my view believe it from a lot of numerous angles.
    Its like women and men are not fascinated except it’s one thing to do with Lady gaga!
    Your personal stuffs excellent. Always handle it up!

  38. Hello would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking
    for something completely unique.
    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  39. Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick
    shout out and say I really enjoy reading through your articles.
    Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the
    same subjects? Thanks!

  40. Hey excellent blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a
    massive amount work? I have virtually no expertise in programming however I had
    been hoping to start my own blog in the near future.
    Anyhow, if you have any recommendations or tips for new blog owners please share.
    I know this is off subject but I just needed to ask.
    Many thanks!

  41. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish.

    nonetheless, you command get got an shakiness over that
    you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come
    more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very
    often inside case you shield this increase.

  42. hi!,I like your writing so so much! share we keep up a correspondence extra approximately your post
    on AOL? I need an expert on this area to solve my
    problem. Maybe that is you! Looking ahead to see you.

  43. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this outstanding blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.
    I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this
    blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

  44. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before but after looking at
    many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely happy I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it
    and checking back frequently!

  45. 프라그마틱 슬롯을 다룬 글 정말 유익해요! 더불어, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱에 대한 새로운 소식을 전하고 있어요. 함께 지식을 나누면 좋겠어요!
    프라그마틱 홈페이지

    프라그마틱 슬롯에 대한 설명 감사합니다! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 얻을 수 있어요. 함께 이야기 나누면서 더 많은 지식을 얻어가요!

    https://okgasda.weebly.com/
    https://dwqewqe.weebly.com/
    https://doggggqwe.weebly.com/

  46. Hi, I do think this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may return once again since I book marked it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and
    continue to guide others.

  47. Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site in internet explorer,
    might check this? IE still is the market chief and a large section of people will miss
    your excellent writing due to this problem.

  48. 프라그마틱에 대한 이 글 감사합니다. 더불어, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 유용한 정보를 찾아보세요. 서로 이야기 나누면 더 좋겠죠!
    프라그마틱 무료

    프라그마틱에 대한 글 읽는 것이 정말 재미있었어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 발전하며 더 많은 지식을 쌓아가요!

    https://www.vantaihoaituong.com
    https://www.chromehelmet.com
    https://www.freedietlinks.com

  49. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I
    need some advice from an established blog. Is it hard to set up your own blog?

    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to start.

    Do you have any points or suggestions? Thank you

  50. Greate post. Keep writing such kind of info on your page.
    Im really impressed by it.
    Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I’ll certainly
    digg it and in my view suggest to my friends.
    I am sure they will be benefited from this site.

  51. 프라그마틱 플레이의 슬롯은 스펙터클한 그래픽과 흥미진진한 게임 플레이를 약속합니다.
    프라그마틱 홈페이지

    프라그마틱 관련 소식 항상 주시고 있어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱에 대한 정보를 얻을 수 있어요. 함께 발전하며 지식을 나눠봐요!

    https://www.trollea.com
    https://www.deardiarytheep.com
    https://www.ivermectininstock.com/

  52. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from
    right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this site, as I experienced
    to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get it
    to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will
    often affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score
    if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this
    RSS to my email and can look out for much more of your respective interesting content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  53. I blog quite often and I seriously appreciate your content.

    This article has really peaked my interest. I
    am going to book mark your site and keep checking for new details about once
    per week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  54. 프라그마틱 플레이의 빙고 게임은 온라인 카지노에 브랜드에 맞는 게임을 제공하는 데 필요한 모든 도구를 제공합니다. 심플한 통합으로 플레이어에게 독특하고 신선한 빙고 체험을 선사합니다.
    pragmatic-game.net

    프라그마틱 슬롯에 대한 설명 감사합니다! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 얻을 수 있어요. 함께 이야기 나누면서 더 많은 지식을 얻어가요!

    https://www.2ppogx2oq5.site
    https://www.s9winmy.com
    https://www.qq8778ok.com

  55. Diego Burnette

    Hello how are you?
    I just saw your website and want to offer you a special promotion for your social media
    Imagine that you have 20K followers. How will a potential client be impressed from you. diffrent right?
    Get now high quality traffic to your page and boost your website and social pages.
    just give it a try and you will see instant results
    https://gosocialviral.com/products/instagrowth-magic-offers?utm_source=gsa
    Trusted by 10,000+ customers. We’ll be happy to work with you!

  56. 다양한 테마의 슬롯을 즐길 수 있는 250개 이상의 게임으로 구성된 프라그마틱 플레이의 슬롯 포트폴리오를 세계 시장에서 즐겨보세요.
    프라그마틱플레이

    프라그마틱과 관련된 내용 감사합니다! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱에 대한 정보를 찾아보실 수 있어요. 서로 이야기 공유하며 더 많은 지식을 얻어가요!

    http://growcastlehack.site
    https://www.buyviagraonline.site
    https://okgasda.weebly.com/

  57. 세계 시장에 다양한 테마의 슬롯을 제공하는 250개 이상의 게임으로 구성된 프라그마틱 플레이의 슬롯 포트폴리오를 즐겨보세요.
    프라그마틱 홈페이지

    프라그마틱 관련 내용 정말 재미있게 읽었어요! 또한, 제 사이트에서도 프라그마틱과 관련된 정보를 공유하고 있어요. 함께 교류하며 더 많은 지식을 쌓아가요!

    http://retinamicrogel.site
    http://keoghsflex.com/
    https://dwqewqe.weebly.com/

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Este sitio web utiliza cookies para que usted tenga la mejor experiencia de usuario. Si continúa navegando está dando su consentimiento para la aceptación de las mencionadas cookies y la aceptación de nuestra política de cookies, pinche el enlace para mayor información.plugin cookies

ACEPTAR
Aviso de cookies